Comparative study of serum magnesium levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with and without retinopathy at tertiary care centre in Bangalore
Author(s): Dr. Nagendra Prasad, Dr. Naresh Vishwanath Iyer Murali, Dr. Shivani Shivaprasad and Dr. Hanumesh S Kopparad
Background and Objectives: Diabetic retinopathy (D.R.) is the most common cause of loss of vision (acquired blindness) in the world that increases the probability of loss of vision about 25 times higher compared to healthy individuals. Several precipitating factors, such as duration of disease, hypomagnesemia, glycemic control has been implicated in the development and progression of diabetic retinopathy.
1.Estimating Serum Magnesium concentration in patients with type 2 Diabetes mellitus patients with and without retinopathy.
2.Correlating severity of hypomagnesemia in patients with Diabetic retinopathy and Diabetes mellitus without retinopathy.
Material and Methods: This is an observational study conducted in Dr. B.R Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru to study hypomagnesemia as an important factor in the early progression of diabetic patients without retinopathy to retinopathy. 30 diabetic patients with retinopathy and 30 diabetic patients without retinopathy were selected for the study in our hospital. There was an increase in the Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) and HbA1c in diabetic patients with retinopathy when Contrast to diabetic mellitus patients without retinopathy. The increase was statistically significant.
Results: There was a decrease in the magnesium levels in diabetic patients with retinopathy compared to the diabetic patients without retinopathy, and it was statistically significant. The estimation of serum magnesium and HbA1c can help us to predict the onset and progression of diabetic retinopathy.
Dr. Nagendra Prasad, Dr. Naresh Vishwanath Iyer Murali, Dr. Shivani Shivaprasad, Dr. Hanumesh S Kopparad. Comparative study of serum magnesium levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with and without retinopathy at tertiary care centre in Bangalore. Int J Adv Res Med 2023;5(2):101-108. DOI: 10.22271/27069567.2023.v5.i2b.486