Assessment of electrolyte imbalance in acute myocardial infarction patients
Author(s): Jagjot Singh, Jonty Gill and Paras
Abstract:Background: Acute myocardial infarction is associated with high morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. The present study was conducted to assess electrolyte imbalance in acute myocardial infarction patients.
Materials & Methods: 80 patients of AMI of both genders were included. Electrolytes such as sodium, Potassium, Calcium were measured within 48 hours of admission.
Results: Out of 80 patients, 44 were males and 36 were females. Out of 80 patients, STEMI was seen in 64 and NSTEMI in 16. In STEMI, 50 were normal, 14 were hyponatremia and in NSTEMI, 10 were normal and 6 had hyponatremia. The difference was significant (p<0.05). In STEMI, 52 were normal, 12 were hypokalemia and in NSTEMI, 12 had no electrolyte abnormality and 4 had hypokalemia. The difference was significant (p<0.05). In STEMI, 44 had no electrolyte abnormality, 8 were hypocalcemia and in NSTEMI, 20 had no electrolyte abnormality and 8 had hypocalcemia. The difference was significant (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Hypocalcemia was present in maximum cases as compared to hyponatremia and hypokalemia.