Evaluation of some trace elements in infertile women in Najaf city, Iraq
Author(s): Zubaida Falih Alzubaidi
Abstract: A disorder of reproductive system called infertility is specified via the inability to get pregnant after a year of unprotected, normal sexual activity. The goal of the presented work is to evaluate Cu, Zn, Se, and Fe levels in female infertility in Najaf city, Iraq. Trace elements could induce infertility through altering several biological pathways within the body. A total of 200 people participated in the case-control study, with 100 fertile women acting as the control group and 100 women experiencing infertility acting as the case group. By using atomic absorption, the amounts of Cu, Zn, Se, and Fe in blood samples have been determined. When put to comparison with the control group, the patient group's serum Cu, Zn, and Se concentrations significantly decreased (p less than 0.05), whereas the patient group's serum Fe concentrations significantly increased (p less than 0.05). BMI and age variables, however, did not significantly differ between the two study groups. Between secondary and primary infertile women, there are no significant variations in mean serum Cu, Zn, Se, and Fe concentrations. The research found that levels of Cu, Zn, and Se concentrations in women with infertility have been significantly lower, whereas the results regarding Fe concentrations have been significantly higher in such women. Therefore, the research recommends that infertile women be treated by using supplements that contain such trace elements to make up for deficiencies.