Study of prevalence of PMS in female nursing students of a college in Telangana
Author(s): Dr. Rhoda Pavitra and Dr. S Sireesha
Abstract:Introduction and Background: The second half of a woman's menstrual cycle is associated with a collection of psychosomatic symptoms known together as premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It has an impact on day-to-day activities for a significant proportion of women of reproductive age who are affected by its symptoms.
Aim and Objectives: To determine how common premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is among nursing students. In order to evaluate the effects that PMS has on day-to-day life.
Methods: Within the context of this cross-sectional study, one hundred nursing students were given self-reported questionnaires to complete in order to collect socio-demographic information and their perspectives on PMS using an intake proforma. A premenstrual syndrome scale was given to the respondent in order to evaluate the severity of PMS as well as its presence.
Results: It was shown that 99% of women experience PMS, albeit to various degrees of intensity. In around 62% of cases, premenstrual syndrome was associated with impairment of activities before menstruation. The ages of participants in the study ranged from 18 to 25 years, with a mean age of 20.3 years. 13.36 was the average age at which girls reached puberty. The rural population made up 48% of the total, while the urban population made up 52%. The majority, or 68%, came from the MSES, while 26% came from the LSES, and only 6% came from the USES.
Conclusion: According to the findings of our study, PMS is much more common among nursing students and has a partial impact on their daily activities. To lessen PMS and enhance quality of life, we suggested dietary and lifestyle changes. They have received education regarding the signs and early detection of PMDD should PMS persist for an extended period of time.