Prevalence of microcytic hypochromic anaemia among teenagers
Author(s): Jayant Kumar and Vikas Thakur
Abstract:Background: Anaemia is the most common nutritional disorder worldwide. According to WHO adolescent age group is defined as life span between 10-19 years. Hence; the present study was conducted for assessing the prevalence of microcytic hypochromic anaemia among teenagers.
Materials & Methods: A total of 100 teenagers within the age arrange of 12 to 18 years were enrolled. The following data were collected: age, gender, and the results of a CBC and Hb electrophoresis. Samples obtained by venipuncture were collected and processed. Peripheral blood film examination was also done. Microcytic hypochromic examination was done. All the results were record and analysed by SPSS software.
Results: Microcytic hypochromic anaemia was found to be present in 15 percent of the patients. Out of 15 patients with presence of Microcytic hypochromic anaemia, 33.33 percent of the patients were males while the remaining were females.
Conclusion: Anaemia is a public health problem among school adolescents in the area. School-based intervention among school adolescents based on identified determinant factors will be very important for the prevention and control of anemia among the group.