International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine
2021, Vol. 3, Issue 2, Part D
Association of anxiety and depression in patients with chronic migraine
Author(s): Dr. Ch Amulya, Dr. Harsha S, Dr. Nemichandra SC and Dr. Shastara P
Abstract:Aim: To study the association of depression and anxiety in patients with chronic migraine leading to disability.
Materials and methods: The index cases were obtained from patients attending the Neurology outpatient Department of JSS Hospital, who satisfied International Classification of Headache Disorder 3 beta criteria for diagnosis of chronic migraine. Patients were subjected to Hamilton depression and anxiety rating scales along with, Migraine Disability Assessment Questionnaire (MIDAS) for assessing disability.
Results: A total of 60 patients were studied. The associated anxiety and depression symptoms were more prevalent in patients with chronic migraine which increases disability. As per MIDAS disability assessment 20% (n=12) had grade I disability, 13.3% (n=8) had grade II disability, 50% (n=30) had moderate disability and 16.7% (n=10) had severe disability.
Conclusion: More prevalence of anxiety and depression was noted in patients with chronic migraine compared to international literature because of variations in study population. Treating co-existing depression and anxiety in patients with chronic migraine decreases disability and also progression to chronic migraine in patients with episodic migraine.
Dr. Ch Amulya, Dr. Harsha S, Dr. Nemichandra SC, Dr. Shastara P. Association of anxiety and depression in patients with chronic migraine. Int J Adv Res Med 2021;3(2):203-208. DOI: 10.22271/27069567.2021.v3.i2d.241