Epidemiological prospective study on estimating the coexistence of allergic rhinitis and asthma in adult patients
Author(s): Dr. Raminder Singh and Dr. Shalabh Vaish
Abstract:Background: Both allergic rhinitis and asthma are immunoglobulin E-mediated allergies, triggered by similar allergens and have inter-related inflammatory and pathophysiological mechanisms. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence coexistence of allergic rhinitis and asthma who are attending allergy outpatient clinics.
Methods: This epidemiological prospective study was carried out during the period January 2019 to March 2020. With the help of questionnaire demographic data and baseline clinical features along with a personal and family history of allergic were noted. According to the Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma guidelines and Global Initiative for Asthma both allergic rhinitis and asthma were classified. Prevalence of coexist were estimated from the detailed statistical analysis.
Results: Data were obtained from 650 asthma patients with mean age of 41.5 years. Among 650 patients, asthma was major complaint of 340 and 310 patients visited for allergic rhinitis. Concomitant allergic rhinitis affected 85% of patients with asthma. The high prevalence of the co-existence of rhinitis was found in patients with intermittent asthma (88%) and low rate was found with severe persistent asthma (34%). The prevalence of the comorbidity of asthma and rhinitis decreased as age of patents increased. Family histories, smoking habits, association with pets or animals have significant impact on the coexistence.
Conclusion: This study indicated that the allergic rhinitis is coexist with asthma and at higher rate in the older patients with severe the asthma. This study reinforces the need for early diagnosis and guideline-based management of allergic rhinitis in patients with asthma.
Dr. Raminder Singh, Dr. Shalabh Vaish. Epidemiological prospective study on estimating the coexistence of allergic rhinitis and asthma in adult patients. Int J Adv Res Med 2021;3(1):529-532. DOI: 10.22271/27069567.2021.v3.i1i.201