A study on thyroid dysfunction in postmenopausal women
Author(s): Dr. Parashuram and Dr. Prathibha Vasu
Abstract: Thyroid dysfunction, mainly hypothyroidism affects almost all systems of body. It affects skin with its appendages, cardiovascular, respiratory, alimentary, central and peripheral nervous system, musculoskeletal and endocrinal systems. In energy metabolism dysfunction it causes reduction in glucose disposal to skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. The purpose of the study was explained to the patient and informed consent obtained. Minimum of 100 patients are selected randomly who fulfil the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Relevant history including symptoms and signs at presentation, past medical history, menstrual history, drug history and examination findings was be noted. In our study, among 23 patients with 0-4 years menopause duration, 4 patients had SH, 1 patient had hypothyroidism. Among 40 patients with 5-9 years menopause duration, 6 patients had SH, 2 patients had hypothyroidism, 1 patient had thyrotoxicosis. Among 34 patients with 10-14 years menopause duration, 10 patients had SH, 4 patients had hypothyroidism, 1 patient had thyrotoxicosis. Among 3 patients with 15-19 years menopause duration, 2 patients had SH and 1 patient had hypothyroidism.