To assess clinical profile of oral glucose tolerance in pulmonary tuberculosis patient
Author(s): Dr. Abhishek Bhadani and Dr. Kaushal Kumar Sinha
Abstract:Introduction: Tuberculosis (T.B), which is one of the oldest disease known to affect human and is likely to have existed in pre hominids, is a major cause of death worldwide. This disease is caused by bacteria of the mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and usually affects the lungs, although other organs are involved in upto one- third of cases. Diabetes Mellitus (D.M.) refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of hyperglycemia.
Subject and Methods: In this study 75 newly diagnosed cases of pulmonary tuberculosis patients were evaluated. A cross section of both male and female diagnosed case of pulmonary tuberculosis attending the outdoor and indoor of various department were taken into study. A detailed history, clinical examination and relevant investigations were performed. Collected data were analysed by using appropriate software.
Result: This study of 75 cases showed overall incidence of impaired glucose tolerance as 17.33% in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Among 82.67% patients GTT was normal (Fasting <110mg/dl and 2 hours <140mg/dl). In 16.00 % of patients impaired glucose tolerance (fasting < 126 mg/dl and 2 hours > 140 mg/dl) was recorded and among 4 % patients diabetes mellitus (fasting > 126mg/dl and 2hours >200 mg/dl) was diagnosed.
Conclusion: This study showed no statistically significant association of sex, age and chest X-ray findings in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and diabetes mellitus.
Dr. Abhishek Bhadani, Dr. Kaushal Kumar Sinha. To assess clinical profile of oral glucose tolerance in pulmonary tuberculosis patient. Int J Adv Res Med 2020;2(2):05-08. DOI: 10.22271/27069567.2020.v2.i2a.40