Spectrum of bone disorders in chronic kidney disease patients: A teaching hospital based study in North India
Author(s): Dr. Sanjay Kumar and Dr. Anita Kumari
Abstract:Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive loss in renal function which involves in deterioration in mineral homeostasis with disruption of normal serum and tissue concentration of phosphorus and calcium. Also changes in circulating levels of hormones parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcitriol (1, 25(OH)2 D), and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23). Here our aim is to study the prevalence of markers associated with MBD in CKD stage 3-5 patients. Patients with CKD stage 3-5 were included in this observational study with all necessary parameter. X-RAY abdomen and echocardiography was done to look for evidence of vascular and valvular calcification respectively. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software. A total of 175 patients (132 males, 43 females)(M:F = 3:1) were included in this study with a mean age of 50.54 years. Among CKD stages 3 to 5, the prevalence of hypocalcemia was 21.5%, 33.9% & 48.9%, hyperphosphatemia was 11.1%, 25.5% & 63%, hyperparathyroidism was 48.1%, 67.3% & 89.1%, high total alkaline phosphatase was 0%, 5.9% & 45.7%, low 25-OH-vit D was 59.2%, 70.6% & 79.4% respectively. Low 25 (OH) D levels, hyperparathyroidism, and hyperphosphatemia were the noticeable markers of CKD-MBD in our patients. Mineral bone disorder are common in CKD patients which start in early CKD stages & worsen with disease progression that causes morbidity and decreased quality of life.
Dr. Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Anita Kumari. Spectrum of bone disorders in chronic kidney disease patients: A teaching hospital based study in North India. Int J Adv Res Med 2020;2(1):41-45. DOI: 10.22271/27069567.2020.v2.i2a.42