International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A
Clinical profile of patients with newly detected diabetes mellitus at a tertiary care hospital
Author(s): Mohan R, Manjunath Alur and SN Vishwakumar
Abstract:Introduction: The worldwide prevalence of DM has risen dramatically over the past two decades, from an estimated 30 million cases in 1985 to 285 million in 2010. Based on current trends, the International Diabetes Federation projects that 438 million individuals will have diabetes by the year 2030. Although the prevalence of both type 1 and type 2 DM is increasing worldwide, the prevalence of type 2 DM is rising much more rapidly, presumably because of increasing obesity, reduced activity levels as countries become more industrialized, and the aging of the population.
Methodology: Patients with newly diagnosed Diabetes mellitus presenting to department of medicine, were formed study subjects. They presented to physician either for routine checkup or have been admitted for some other illness and diabetes was detected by chance for first time. Known cases of diabetes mellitus under treatment were excluded from study.
Results: It is clear that 34% of the patients at the time of diagnosis of diabetes mellitus had some infections (24% males and 10% females). 2% of the patients had cellulitis, 4% of them had UTI, 2% of them had tuberculosis, 10% of them had pneumonia, and 2% had gluteal abscess.
Conclusion: 56% of the patients presented with classical symptoms of Diabetes and 32% of patients with symptoms due to complications. 12% of the patients were asymptomatic.
Mohan R, Manjunath Alur, SN Vishwakumar. Clinical profile of patients with newly detected diabetes mellitus at a tertiary care hospital. Int J Adv Res Med 2020;2(1):26-28. DOI: 10.22271/27069567.2020.v2.i1a.35