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International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine
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International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine

2019, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Part A

Study of central nervous system manifestation in HIV/AIDS patient


Author(s): Dr. Kalavathi GP, Dr. Sagar H and Dr. Ravikumar BV

Abstract: The neurological problem is either primary to infection of HIV itself or secondary to opportunistic infection, or neoplasm Neurological problem is due to inflammatory, demyelinating or degenerative nature. Among opportunistic infection tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, CMV, varicella zoster, viral encephalitis, cryptococcosis, progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy, primary CNS lymphoma are common. Response to the treatment was assessed by noting improvement in signs and symptoms, general wellbeing, increase in weight and changes in the cerebrospinal fluid. Lumbar puncture was done whenever indicated and were followed up regularly during their stay in the hospital Repeat CT scan was performed for mass lesions to know the extent of resolution of treatment. Neurolgoical deficits were noticed in 15 cases (30%). Among focal neurological deficits hemiplagia/hemiparisis with UMN facial nerve palsy were in 9(60%). Abducent nerve in 2(13%) of cases, probably as false localizing sign. 4(27%) cases presented as paraplegia/paraparesis

Pages: 41-44 | Views: 79 | Downloads: 43

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How to cite this article:
Dr. Kalavathi GP, Dr. Sagar H, Dr. Ravikumar BV. Study of central nervous system manifestation in HIV/AIDS patient. Int J Adv Res Med 2019;1(2):41-44.
International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine