To investigation of serum electrolytes in COPD episodes
Author(s): Dr. Vinoth N and Dr. Nischal Reddy M Ramchandra R
Background and Objective: The occurrence of hyponatremia and hypokalemia was frequently observed in individuals who presented with acute aggravation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Therefore, it can be observed that among those who do not smoke and maintain good health, the pace at which lung function decreases is estimated to be between 15 and 30 milliliters per year, commencing at the age of 35.
Material and Methods: 100 COPD patients hospitalized after experiencing an acute exacerbation are analyzed in this study. This was a prospective study that relied on primary data obtained by the lead researcher from patients with COPD who had just been hospitalized to the medical wards of Department of Anesthesiology, Sree Lakshmi Narayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Pondicherry, India due to an acute aggravation of their condition. Acute aggravation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients admitted to medical wards. The research period for this study spanned from February 2018 to February of 2019.
Results: A strong and statistically significant association was observed between serum electrolyte levels and many indications of acute exacerbation severity in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These indicators include the 6-minute walk test, oxygen saturation levels, the Modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale, pulmonary function test results, the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease score, and the length of illness.
Conclusion: Given the observed association between exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and blood electrolyte levels, it is imperative to promptly address any imbalances in order to expedite remission and minimize the duration of hospitalization.