Study of length, diameter of umbilical cord and morphology of placenta in normotensive, and preeclamptic patients
Author(s): Dr. Sudhir Saxena, Dr. Sonal Kulshreshtha and Dr. Anil Sastya
Introduction: The placenta is a vital organ which is absolutely essential to the survive, growth, development of the foetus. It forms the morphological record of anatomical condition, intrauterine events and intrapartum events of gestation Pregnancy complications like hypertension are reflected in placenta in a significant way both macroscopically and microscopically. Several studies have shown that uteroplacental blood flow is decreased in Pregnancy induced Hypertension due to maternal vasospasm.
Aims: To study of length, diameter of umbilical cord and Histology of Placenta in normotensive and preeclamptic patients.
Material and Methods: 75 placentas, umbilical cords and antenatal record of patients constitute the study.
Result and discussion: In the present study the total length of the umbilical cord from the fetal end to placental end were measured. The maximum length was 74.2 cm and minimum length was 18.5 cms. The maximum transverse diameter of the cord was 2.8cm and minimum was 1. 2 cm.The placenta of eclamptic patients were significantly smaller in weight, diameter and thickness. Conclusion: Knowledge about the variation in the length and diameter of umbilical cord and morphology of placenta is important for, obstetricians, radiologist for predicting early risk factors in pregnancy which in turn reflects on the outcome of pregnancy.
Dr. Sudhir Saxena, Dr. Sonal Kulshreshtha, Dr. Anil Sastya. Study of length, diameter of umbilical cord and morphology of placenta in normotensive, and preeclamptic patients. Int J Adv Res Med 2019;1(1):102-103.