To assess clinical features in patients with CKD: A clinical study
Author(s): Dr. Apurv Kumar
Abstract:Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) encompasses a spectrum of different pathophysiological processes associated with abnormal kidney function and a progressive decline in glomerular filtration rate. The present study was conducted to assess clinical features in patients with CKD.
Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 64 CKD patients of both genders. Detailed history and clinical examination of the patients was done. Clinical features were recorded. USG was done in all patients.
Results: Out of 64 patients, males were 40 and females were 24. Common features were nausea in 49, vomiting in 32, anorexia in 30, bodyache in 46, Dyspnea in 25, diarrhea in 12, hiccups in 35, itching in 38 and unconsciousness in 7. The difference was significant (p< 0.05). The mean blood urea level was 246.5 mg/dl, serum creatinine was 16.8 mg/dl, hemoglobin was 7.2 g/dl, sodium level was 147.7 mmol/l, potassium level was 5.2 mmol/l, uric acid was 9.6 mg/dl. The difference was significant (p< 0.05).
Conclusion: Raised sodium level raised potassium level, reduced hemoglobin level in patients with CKD. Common finding was nausea, vomiting, anorexia, bodyache, dyspnea, diarrhea, hiccups and itching.