Evaluation of risk factors of myocardial infarction
Author(s): Khausik Ghosh
Abstract:Background: Myocardial infarction represents death of myocardial cells due to irreversible ischemia progressing to necrosis. The present study was conducted to evaluate the cases of myocardial infarction. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 146 cases of myocardial infarction of both genders. A thorough clinical examination was performed. History of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, renal disease and smoking cigarette were recorded. Results: Out of 146 patients, males were 90 and females were 56. Different kinds of MI was inferior seen in 60, anterior in 34, inferior0 lateral in 20, anterior septal in 10 and others in 27. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Risk factors in patients were hypertension seen in 37, diabetes mellitus in 40, renal dysfunction in 14, smoking in 84 and previous coronary artery disease in 16. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Authors found that common risk factors were hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus and previous history of coronary heart disease.