Evaluation of the relationship between ABO and Rh blood groups system with diabetes mellitus type 2 among Patients in Al-Muthanna Governorate
Author(s): Ammar Abd El Majeed Abd Ali
Background: The ABO blood types are linked to a number of serious chronic medical conditions. An link between the ABO blood group and risk for type 2 diabetes has been discovered in earlier investigations. The purpose of the research is to determine if type 2 diabetes and the ABO blood types are related in any way. Methods: A case control study that was carried out over the course of two years and eight months in the medical ward of Al-Khidhir General Hospital and a private clinic in the province of Al-Muthanna. There were 400 adults that took part, split into two groups as follows: 200 people with type 2 diabetes who were already getting treatment made up the case group, whereas 200 healthy people made up the control group. Each participant gave a blood sample, which was used for a blood group, Rh, and random blood sugar test. Results: Blood group O was shown to be the most likely to be protective against the development of type 2 DM (OR= 0.71) whereas blood group B was revealed to be a significant independent risk factor for increased chance of developing type 2 DM (OR= 2.07). As this research indicated, blood group B is associated with a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes, while blood group O has the least relationship, blood group is thought to be a risk factor and may help in disease assessment. Since people with blood group B are more prone to develop type 2 diabetes, clinicians should exercise more caution and close supervision of these patients.
Ammar Abd El Majeed Abd Ali. Evaluation of the relationship between ABO and Rh blood groups system with diabetes mellitus type 2 among Patients in Al-Muthanna Governorate. Int J Adv Res Med 2023;5(2):06-08. DOI: 10.22271/27069567.2023.v5.i2a.471