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International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine
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International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine

2021, Vol. 3, Issue 2, Part I

A study on demographic, clinical and prognostic profile of pesticide poisoning cases in a rural tertiary care medical college hospital


Author(s): Dr. Sathvik G, Dr. R Aswinth and Dr. S Sudharsan

Abstract: To determine the demographic, clinical and prognostic profile of pesticide poisoning cases along with various parameters like age group, sex, marital status, compound consumed, clinical features of the poison consumed, comorbid illnesses, associated psychiatric illness, previous suicidal attempts, duration of stay and prognosis of patients who have consumed various forms of poison.
Methods: Our study was a hospital based prospective study, 500 cases of acute poisoning admitted under Department of Medicine of Rajah Muthiah Medical College Hospital were studied from October 2019 to October 2021. Patients included in the study are more than 14 years old. Patients less than 14 years, patients who have consumed plant poisons, unknown poison, Tablet poisoning were excluded. The socio-demographic profile of all cases of poisoning attended in emergency department or admitted in medical ward were collected on a suitably designed pre-structured proforma and analyzed.
Results: Of the 500 patients, Majority were in the age group of 18-30 years with males (57.40%) dominating the females (42.6%). Married couples (78%) were found to be more affected. Incidence of poisoning was more common in Rural areas (95.8%).The commonest symptoms were vomiting (46.8%) and salivation (40%).The most common poison used are insecticides followed by rodenticides.The mean duration of hospital stay was 4 to 5 days. 69 patients were admitted in the Intensive care. Most of the patients had mild disease (88.2%) and mortality rate was (3%). Majority of the patients had suffered from adjustment disorder.
Conclusion:This study has indicated that young married males from rural populations are at a higher risk of pesticides poisoning. And the most common poison used being insecticides followed by rodenticides. Pesticide poisoning is increasing in incidence and it is one of the preventable public health problems and includes mainly the patients in the age group of 18-30 years. Due to easy, availability of, Pesticides it is the most preferred method of. suicide, the main reason being adjustment disorder.


DOI: 10.22271/27069567.2021.v3.i2i.305

Pages: 563-567 | Views: 53 | Downloads: 18

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How to cite this article:
Dr. Sathvik G, Dr. R Aswinth, Dr. S Sudharsan. A study on demographic, clinical and prognostic profile of pesticide poisoning cases in a rural tertiary care medical college hospital. Int J Adv Res Med 2021;3(2):563-567. DOI: 10.22271/27069567.2021.v3.i2i.305
International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine