International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine
2021, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Part G
To assess increases in overall and Differential Leukocyte Count (DLC), as well as oxygen saturation of haemoglobin in stable smokers and non-smokers: An observational study
Author(s): Dr. N Saranya and Dr. A Krishnaveni
Abstract:Aim: To evaluate the changes associated with the extent of adverse effects of tobacco smoking in total and differential leukocyte count (DLC) and oxygen saturation of haemoglobin in healthy smokers and non-smokers.
Materials and Methods: This observational study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mamata Medical College, Khammam, Telangana from August 2019 to March 2020. A total of 200 clinically healthy volunteers of Khammam, in the age group of 20–60 years participated in the present study. Individuals with a history of smoking cigarettes/bidis daily for at least 12 months were considered as smokers. Another 100 non-smokers of the same age group were included separately in this study as a control group. TLC, DLC and other parameters were analysed using standard methods.
Results: A total of 200 subjects (100 non-smokers and 100 smokers cases), in which baseline demographic parameters (age and BMI) are compared between smokers and non-smokers. No significant difference between the baseline demographic parameters between the smokers and non-smokers ensures optimum comparison avoiding bias. The difference between TLC, lymphocyte count, monocyte count, granulocyte count, and oxygen saturation of haemoglobin among smokers and non-smoker subjects.
Conclusion: The study has shown that altered values of TLC and DLC and oxygen saturation of haemoglobin in smokers should be considered during diagnosis, interpretation of result, and treatment of patients.
Dr. N Saranya, Dr. A Krishnaveni. To assess increases in overall and Differential Leukocyte Count (DLC), as well as oxygen saturation of haemoglobin in stable smokers and non-smokers: An observational study . Int J Adv Res Med 2021;3(1):398-401. DOI: 10.22271/27069567.2021.v3.i1g.169