International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine
2020, Vol. 2, Special Issue 2, Part A
Complications in type II diabetes mellitus patients
Author(s): Dr. Suresh Patel
Abstract:Background: Diabetes mellitus is a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of hyperglycemia. The present study was conducted to assess complications in type II DM patients.
Materials and Methods: 288 type II DM patients of both genders were subjected to fasting and random blood glucose level. Glycosylated hemoglobin level was also assessed. Complications of diabetes were recorded.
Results: Out of 288 diabetic patients, males were 188 and females were 100. 200 patients were vegetarian, 88 were non- vegetarian, 156 patients were smokers and 150 were alcoholic. 210 patients were obese. The difference was significant (P<0.05). Common complications were hypertension in 56%, visual disturbance in 34%, neuropathy in 50%, foot ulceration in 65%, nephropathy in 12%, impotency in 10% and diabetic retinopathy in 7%. The difference was significant (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Higher complication such as hypertension, visual disturbances, neuropathy, foot ulceration, nephropathy, impotency and diabetic retinopathy were seen in DM patients.