Abstract:Background: Tetany is a disorder with an extremely variable clinical presentation. It includes enhanced neuromuscular activity and associated sensory disturbance. The present study was conducted to evaluate the cases of tetany in adults.
Materials and Methods: 80 cases of tetany of both genders were included. Etiology and clinical features of tetany was recorded.
Results: Out of 80 patients, males were 44 and females were 36. Common causes were anxiety hyperventilation in 20, Bartter’ syndrome in 5, vitamin deficiency in 25, acute pancreatitis in 6, idiopathic hyperparathyroidism in 10 and hypomagnesaemia in 4. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Common symptoms were cramps in 56, paresthesia of hand and feet in 60, laryngeal stridor in 35, carpopedal spasm in 52, circumoral numbness in 24 and muscle twitching in 17 patients. The difference was significant (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Various causes of tetany are acute pancreatitis, vitamin D deficiency, recurrent vomiting etc.