International Journal of Advanced Research in Medicine
2019, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Part A
Clinical profile of symptomatic HIV infections at a tertiary care hospital
Author(s): Dr. Kalavathi GP, Dr. Sagar H and Dr. Ravikumar BV
Abstract: The opportunistic infection causes an increased burden on health system and family. Tuberculosis is most common infection among HIV infected individual and is leading cause of death in the people living HIV/AIDS. Bacterial respiratory infection, Herpes simplex virus disease, Varicella zoster, Candidiasis, Cytomegalovirus, Cryptococcus, Pneumocystitis, Jeroveci pneumonia, Toxoplamosis. Chest X-ray was routinely taken to rule out opportunistic infection computed tomography brain was not performed in all patients, it was done only in those patients who had focal neurological deficits and signs of raised intra cranial tension. Opportunistic infection were encountered in 42 the cases, among them pulmonary tuberculosis, TB meningitis, TB spine comprised 62% and candidiasis 19%, Herpes simplex 5% and Cryptococcus neoformins in 14%.