A study of association of serum magnesium and zinc levels in pre-diabetics
Author(s): Pradeep Kumar Shenoy C
Abstract:Background: Decreased serum magnesium levels and increased urinary magnesium losses have been recognized in both type 1 and type 2 DM. Decreased dietary magnesium intake has been associated with increased incidence of T2DM. Hypomagnesaemia and hypermagnesuria was reported to be associated with diabetes complications. Thus, magnesium has drawn considerable attention for its potential role in improving insulin sensitivity and preventing DM. Zinc, another important trace element, acting as a cofactor for several biochemical processes has a major role in health status. There is substantiating evidence indicating the importance of zinc in DM. Impaired zinc metabolism, decreased plasma zinc and hyperzincuria has been reported as a consequential effect of glucose absorption. But limited studies have been conducted in pre-diabetics. This study puts in an effort to find the answers.
Aims and Objectives: To study the association of serum magnesium and zinc levels in pre-diabetics.
Materials and Methods: This study was done in the Department of General Medicine at Kanachur Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalore. This study was done from Jan 2017 to Dec 2018 Ninety and an equal age and sex matched control were used for the study.
Results: There is a strong association between the serum magnesium and zinc levels in diabetics when compared to normal individuals.
Conclusion: More number of studies have to come up in different geographical locations so as to be helpful to the practicing physicians.